a Science Ahead of Physics,

From the stars to the particles, physics questions everything that exists; yet metaphysics asks why it exists. The phrase “why is there something, rather than nothing” (Leibniz, Principles of Nature and Grace, 1714, §7) even contains an answer: the necessity of a cause, and even of a first cause, itself uncaused by anything else. This was the conclusion reached by Aristotle, the founder of science and scientific rigor, under the title of “first motor” or “immobile motor”.

From the outset, metaphysics thus encompassed two distinct but inseparable objects: being as being (that which is at the source of existences) and prime Being, the source of being. The first object is now called ontology, the second theology, but the two are always necessarily united in a present-day integral metaphysics.

the Science of Intelligence,

Man’s mental or intellectual power is traditionally split between reason, which calculates or reasons according to the logic imposed on it, and intelligence, which enables us to understand calculations and reasoning. This understanding is the fruit of a signifiance that is received within it, the intelligence holding up a mirror (speculum in Latin) to the Ideas, to put it in Plato’s terms. We owe this aspect of metaphysics to him: it is only possible thanks to the intelligence’s ability to receive a meaning that it cannot create on its own.

Irrepressible Thought,

It’s obvious, then, that implicitly or explicitly, every human being, like Mr. Jourdain with prose (Molière, Le bourgeois gentilhomme), also thinks metaphysically: every human being is a “metaphysical animal”, as Schopenhauer put it.

Today, for example, some physicists do not hesitate to appeal to the metaphysics of Plato or Aristotle (Bernard d’Espagnat), or to show the limits of current physics, which lacks an ontology worthy of the name (Wolfgang Smith).

A site to help you on your way.

The aim of this site is to make metaphysical science accessible to as many people as possible, freeing them from too many scientific or philosophical complexities, and making it easier to understand. Various books and articles, written with this aim of facilitating access, are presented in turn, and a glossary of a few unavoidable technical words has been drawn up to make its approach even easier.

Notes on translations

Bruno Bérard

Doctor of the École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris (specializing in Religions and Systems of Thought) and director of a metaphysics collection at L’Harmattan.

portrait of Bruno Bérard